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Thread: Ohlins Shock Install / Linkage Mod

  1. #1
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    Ohlins Shock Install / Linkage Mod

    Well here it is, Folks. There are already aftermarket shocks available from Penske and Wilbers, but if the thought of Ohlins on your bike intrigues you, read on. You can find specific shock removal instructions elsewhere, but what follows is info that is specific to the Ohlins rear shock. Bikepainter posted a complete step by step article the shock removal on Wolfies website here…
    http://www.wolfcentral.net/aprilia/shock.htm
    The only thing I would add is that I’ve read that it’s possible to set the bike’s centerstand on a board allowing the rear wheel to drop much lower and removing the shock from the bottom instead of lifting the subframe. I chose to tear it down instead. (Besides, I didn’t know about the other method at the time…) The advantage to taking the whole bike down to bits is that you can clean places that have been neglected for miles. For example, most of my wiring connections around the battery got cleaned and renewed in the process.
    If you have an H Pipe the bolt that holds the dogbone to the frame will NOT come out unless you remove the pipe. (see 3rd. photo down) Believe me, I tried. I removed the pipe and upon reassembly, I installed the bolt from the opposite direction so if I ever have to do this again...
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-26-2009 at 09:08 AM.
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  2. #2
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    The Ohlins Mille shocks that are proven to work are AP8240 & AP8410. (Same as AP824 & AP841) There may be others too, but these are installed on other forum member’s bikes and working. The Ohlins shock type is 46PRCL. Add an S to the end for remote preload adjustment. Some Aprilia Mille’s use a 56mm stroke (AP840) and the others are 65mm. You want 65mm. NOT 56mm. Shock length is 321mm. AF1 sells one for the ’01-03 Mille for about $1000 and last time I contacted Ed you could choose the spring rate. http://www.af1racing.com/store/Scrip...?idproduct=932 The one AF1 sells comes with a remote adjuster.I would try and determine what AP**** number the AF1 shock is first before ordering it just to be sure. The shock I used is an AP841 which I bought from a low mileage wreck on eBay for about $500 in the dead of winter. It does not have the remote preload adjuster so I had a preload collar and new Hyperco spring installed which raised the cost another $150. The preload adjuster adjusts by just sticking a bar into one of the many holes and turning...that’s it. Easy. If you’ve ever used the stock Ohlins spanner type with the two notched locking collars you know how bloody your knuckles can get. On some bikes it's not a problem but on the Futura there's not much room in there. The Hyperco spring is Royal Blue not Ohlins yellow. AF1 can get you the yellow Swedish ones.
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-25-2009 at 10:33 AM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
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    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
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  3. #3
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    From their experience on Futuras with Penske shocks, Traxxion Dynamics recommended a 115N/mm spring, at least for my weight. (185lbs. w/o gear). I believe 115 is the stock Sachs spring rate as well. Hyperco is the spring used on Penske shocks. Stock, the AP841 Ohlins spring had a 95N/mm. Forum member Deefred tried a 120 N/mm that was too hard and settled on a 110 N/mm that he’s happy with. Dugkim is using a 95 N/mm that he rides two up with and that works for him. I’ve logged almost 1k miles now with this shock and the 115 N/mm feels great. The really good news is that mounting the shock is not a problem whatsoever. It was earlier thought that the width of the top mount might be an issue but it is indeed a direct bolt on. The stock Sachs shock top mount is 0.9 mm wider than the Ohlins, but the floating upper attaching bolt makes up for it.
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 09:41 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
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    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    The head of the bolt passes right though the frame and contacts the shock which in turn seats on the collar. No worries. If you reuse the stock locknuts, a little dab of blue Locktite will do ya.
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 09:40 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  5. #5
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    I would say that the biggest challenge is the modification of the tray just in front of the battery slot. The top of the shock and the huge reservoir hit this tray so it either needs to be cut away or melted and reformed. This is before cuttingÖ
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    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  6. #6
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    I thought about using an Ohlins with a remote reservoir that wouldnít interfere with the tray, but Ohlinís info is so hard to find I dropped that notion. The tray in question extends directly under the fuel tank banjo fittings and has drainage nipples underneath so that little drainage system for fuel leaks is jettisoned. A safety issue? Iíll take my chances. So after a go with the heat gun and losing most of the hair on my knuckles I decided to just cut the tray. This is after cuttingÖ
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    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  7. #7
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    You may have better luck with the melting method, but I didnít have the patience. I used a combination of Dremel tool and a coping saw to do mine but Iím sure there are better methods not involving molten plastic being flung. I left the two lengths on the sides, drilled small holes and zip tied them to the sub frame for extra strength to hold the weight of the battery. (see photo) So now you have a big hole and can see the top of the shock. Now what? If you happen to have a hugger youíre in luck since that hole is a great way for mud and muck to enter the engine area from the rear wheel. Instead of installing a hugger my solution was to cut a thin piece of 1 mil sheet aluminium to fit the open area, drill holes and fasten it to the frame with the original mounting bolts.
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 09:25 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  8. #8
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    The rear of the plate sits perfectly in the recess of the remaining plastic tray up against the plastic ridge and is free to move ever so slightly with the shock if it needs to. At least one person (Defreed) has had luck with melting the tray though, so it is a possibility. This shock has an adjustable ride height so it’s possible to jack the back end up a bit to tweak handling and quicken turn in. Lower the front, raise the rear, go racing…yeah! Instant additional ground clearance. Just watch for the clearance between the bottom of the shock and the dogbone as they will eventually touch if the shock is adjusted out too far. Check the clearance with the suspension fully extended on the centerstand
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 09:57 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  9. #9
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    That brings us to the linkage. While the shock is out youíll want to inspect/lube the shock linkage bearings. With 20k plus on mine the bearings were in good shape but definitely needed grease. I believe the factory interval is 15000km so I was long overdue. If you use a pressure washer on your bike you can bet yours are bone dry and screaming for grease. Or worse yet, rusted beyond repair. The linkage uses loose needle bearings in flanged races so once you pull out the spacer the needle bearings are free to fall out. Watch for that because you canít buy just one needle. Put a clean white paper towel underneath what youíre doing to see where they eventually will fall. If the spacer wonít come out with your finger, you probably have rust. I wouldnít remove the seals unless youíre changing them. Replacing all the seals as a precaution is fine, but they are $18 each from Aprilia (x6). Clean everything well and use quality waterproof grease like Bel-ray to pack them and hold them in place. I used a pick to get them back in place, and then slid the spacer back into the seal. The spacers should slide into the seal with a slight resistance which denotes a good seal. In my case one of the seals was botched at the factory because of a blob of metal on the seal surface of my swingarm which I had to Dremel smooth. They just banged it in and sent it out, which was discussed in this thread...
    http://www.apriliaforum.com/forums/s...d.php?t=177271
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 10:01 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  10. #10
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    Since it was apart I took the opportunity to shim the linkage since in stock form it’s a real sloppy set up. Maybe Aprilia wanted it that way, but it seems to me that shims are a good idea. Kzmille was kind enough to set me up with a set of custom shims based on my measurements that fit perfectly. You can see 4 of the 6 (black) shims in the photo. Yes, there is that much of a gap in stock form. I wish I would have taken a shot of the shims before installation, but the center hole fits perfectly over the spacer which is wide enough to cover the seal. It looks like the shims will also help protect the seals and keep the grease in somewhat better than having that area wide open to the elements with that huge gap. After I reassembled everything and torqued everything to specs, the dogbone swung back and forth like a clock pendulum yet had no side play.
    Sweet...
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 09:34 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  11. #11
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    I’m still experimenting with damping settings, but I’m very happy with this set up already. No doubt getting everything lubed helped as well. No more shimmy and shake! Well worth the effort.
    Big thanks to forum members Dugkim and Deefred for sharing their numbers with me so I could get 'er done.
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    Last edited by The Fixer; 05-24-2009 at 10:02 PM.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

  12. #12
    apriliaforum expert meanstrk's Avatar
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    Great write up Mike. You can get a preload adjuster in there easy if needed too!

    Very nice!
    Ron
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    apriliaforum expert MartDude's Avatar
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    Sticky this thread, please!
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  14. #14
    apriliaforum expert rblue02's Avatar
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    Well done !

    Both the work & write up.
    '02 Futura, Blue
    93k miles and all is well.

  15. #15
    apriliaforum expert The Fixer's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by meanstrk View Post
    Great write up Mike. You can get a preload adjuster in there easy if needed too!

    Very nice!

    Thanks Guys. I'll get a photo of the preload adjuster and post it later. Not as convenient as a remote hydraulic adjuster,but it really is quick and easy. Adjustment from the left leaves the hot pipes on the right so it's still possible to do with the engine hot without getting burned. Rebound damping on the bottom of the shock is actually more difficult to get to but still easy enough.
    ďThe roadís what counts...donít worry about where itís goiní."
    - Sam Shepard
    "When I'm riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive. When I stop riding my motorcycle, I'm glad to be alive."
    -Neil Peart
    __________________________________________

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